(Photo by Richard Ling)
Steephead parrotfish (Chlorurus microrhinos) are usually green-blue overall with a pinkish bar on each scale. The tooth plates are blue-green, there is a blue-green band above the mouth and a wider one below, and an irregular blue-green line crosses the cheek. This species also has a less common red phase.The Steephead Parrotfish grows to 70 cm in length and it occurs in tropical marine waters of the Western and Central Pacific. See this post for more on parrotfish.
The laced moray, (Gymnothorax favagineus) also known as the leopard moray, tesselate moray or honeycomb moray, is a species of moray eel (follow this link for more). The Laced moray can grow up to 300cm in length, and as such are one of the larger species of moray eel. They feed mainly on small fish and cephalopods. It has been observed that adults are prone to be aggressive in the wild.They are found in the Indo-Pacific, and East Africa to Papua New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south of Australia. These morays live at depths of between 1 and 45m, usually in crevices within reef flats and slopes.
(Photo by Mark Laita)
The porcupine pufferfish (Diodon holacanthusare) is very well protected against predators. Any animal that attempts to make a meal of this pufferfish will almost certainly not repeat the mistake! It can reach a size of 90 cm, which is large for pufferfish. Pufferfish are found throughout the world in tropical waters. They can adapt to a wide variety of habitats, searching at night for prey such as sea urchins, crabs and gastropod molluscs, amongst coral reefs as well as sandy flats, eel grass beds and rocky shorelines. In South East Asia, the skin of the porcupine puffer is sold in its fully expanded form as a novelty lamp, with a light bulb placed inside.
(Photo found here)
The reef cuttlefish or broadclub cuttlefish (Sepia latimanus) is the second largest cuttlefish species after Sepia apama, growing to 50 cm in mantle length and 10 kg in weight. Like many cephalopods, the broadclub can be seen displaying a range of colors and textures. Commonly they are light brown or yellowish with white mottled markings. Males are sometimes dark brown, particularly during courtship and mating. They mate in shallow water between January and May. Their eggs hatch in 38 to 40 days. During the breeding season, males establish a territory, defending a coral head where females lay eggs after mating. Courtship is highly ritualized and involves striking visual displays. Males often guard females to ward off other males.
Yikes! Brutus, an 18-foot-long saltwater crocodile, rises like a nightmare of mythic proportions from Australia’s Adelaide River, lunging for the buffalo meat offered up by cruise operators. (Note that Brutus is missing a front leg — lost years ago, according to local legend, in a shark attack.)
For more on saltwater crocodiles, see this post.